Message From the President 2
The University of Hawai'i 5
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Undergraduate Education 8-
UHM General Education Core and Graduation Requirements 23-
Graduate Education 28-
Student Life 46-
Tuition, Fees, and Financial Aid 59-
Degrees and Certificates 70-


Architecture 72-
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Nursing 256-
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Social Work
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Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources 304-
Instructional Support, Research, and Service Units  478-


Overview 325
A - E 326-
F - N 379-
O - Z 427-


Administration 484-
Endowed Chairs and Distinguished Professorships 486
Faculty 486-
Emeriti Faculty 511-
Instructional Support, Research, and Service Units Staff 518-


Appendix 528-
Glossary 533-
Campus Map

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Last updated 6/28/99



Colleges of Arts and Sciences

College of Languages, Linguistics and Literature
Moore 569
1890 East-West Road
Honolulu, HI 96822
Tel: (808) 956-8602
Fax: (808) 956-9166

*M. L. Forman, PhD (Chair)-general linguistics, ethnographic linguistics, Philippine studies
*B. W. Bender, PhD-general linguistics; morphology; Micronesian linguistics
*R. Bley-Vroman, PhD-English syntax, language acquisition
*R. A. Blust, PhD-historical linguistics; Austronesian linguistics and culture history; field methods
*R. L. Cheng, PhD-Chinese linguistics, Japanese linguistics
*P. J. Donegan, PhD-natural phonology, vowel systems, acquisition; typology; computerized lexicography; Munda languages
*J. Haig, PhD-Japanese linguistics
*R. A. Jacobs, PhD-syntax and syntactic change; Oceanic, English, and American Indian linguistics; discourse grammar and applied linguistics
*P. A. Lee, PhD-linguistic theory, formal linguistics, syntax and semantics, pragmatics
*P. G. Lee, PhD-theoretical linguistics, phonology, syntax, computer applications
*A. V. Lyovin, PhD-language typology; Sino-Tibetan, comparative linguistics
*M. Meyerhoff, PhD-language variation (intergroup and interpersonal), language and gender, creole studies
*W. O'Grady, PhD-syntax, language acquisition, Korean
*A. M. Peters, PhD-children's speech; neurolinguistics; psycholinguistics
*K. L. Rehg, PhD-phonology, Micronesian linguistics
*L. A. Reid, PhD-Austronesian, especially Philippine and Formosan languages; lexicography; discourse analysis
*H. M. Sohn, PhD-Korean linguistics
*D. Stampe, PhD-computational linguistics; phonology and prosody; holistic typology and drift; Munda languages
*S. Starosta, PhD-syntactic theory; Asian and Pacific languages
*A. V. Vovin, PhD-history of the Japanese and Korean languages, comparative Altaic linguistics, the Ainu language

Cooperating Graduate Faculty
D. E. Ashworth, PhD-language learning and teaching, Japanese linguistics
J. M. Bilmes, PhD-sociolinguistics, discourse analysis, ethnosemantics, Tai linguistics
J. D. Brown, PhD-language learning and teaching, language testing
C. J. Chaudron, PhD-applied psycholinguistics, discourse analysis
H. M. Cook, PhD-Japanese linguistics, sociolinguistics, discourse analysis and pragmatics
R. Day, PhD-language learning and teaching, discourse analysis, language planning
E. Drechsel, PhD-ethnolinguistics; American Indian languages
J. D. Ellsworth, PhD-classical linguistics, Indo-European linguistics
E. Hawkins, PhD-language learning and teaching, Polynesian linguistics
H. I. Hsieh, PhD-Chinese linguistics, semantics, pragmatics, mathematical linguistics
G. Kasper, PhD-second-language curriculum, discourse analysis, interlanguage pragmatics
Y. C. Li, PhD-Chinese linguistics, semantics, language learning and teaching
M. Long, PhD-second-language acquisition, language teaching
R. A. Moody, PhD-language learning and teaching, Spanish and Portuguese
T. V. Ramos, PhD-Philippine linguistics
K. A . Reynolds, PhD-classical Japanese, history of the Japanese language, Japanese sociolinguistics
R. Schmidt, PhD-psycholinguistics, sociolinguistics, language learning and teaching
L. Serafim, PhD-Japanese linguistics; Japanese language history, dialectology, and Ryukyuan languages
R. N. Sharma, PhD-Indo-Aryan linguistics, Hindi, Sanskrit
J. Ward, PhD-Polynesian linguistics, Tahitian, Balinese

Affiliate Graduate Faculty
S. P. Harrison, PhD-Oceanic linguistics

Adjunct Faculty
K. Cook, PhD-cognitive and relational grammar; Polynesian languages, especially Samoan

*Graduate Faculty

Degrees Offered: BA in liberal studies (linguistics), MA in linguistics, PhD in linguistics

The Academic Program

Linguistics (LING), also called linguistic science or the science of language, is the study of human language, including its origin and development into attested varieties. Major subfields are grammar (including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, discourse analysis, pragmatics, and the relation between writing and speech), historical linguistics, sociolinguistics and dialectology, psycholinguistics (including developmental psycholinguistics and neuro-linguistics), mathematical and computational linguistics, ethnographic linguistics, stylistics, and poetics.

Because of the unique properties of language among human capacities and institutions, students majoring in linguistics acquire a vantage point for formulating and testing views about basic questions that arise in one form or another in all of the human sciences, as well as the metalanguage used by all scholars dealing with language. Major applications include language planning, language teaching, speech synthesis and recognition, treatment of language disorders, repair of communication breakdowns, and information technology. Our program presents unique opportunities for the study of Austronesian (Malayo-Polynesian) linguistics and for access to speakers of Pacific and Asian languages. It is also especially strong in computational lexicography, ethnolinguistics, language acquisition, and pidgin and creole studies.

The program is recognized as one of the top 25 in the United States.


All faculty in the department participate in the advising of students majoring in linguistics. Undergraduates majoring in linguistics under liberal studies are advised initially by the department chair. Graduate majors are advised by the chair of the graduate field of study. Students are later assigned to other faculty members as advisers according to their special interests.

Undergraduate Study

Bachelor's Degree

Students may major in linguistics for the BA degree at the University through the Liberal Studies Program. In this program, students create for themselves a major equivalent with the guidance of a faculty adviser. The major equivalent may combine the study of linguistics with that of one or more foreign languages or with related disciplines, such as anthropology or psychology. Students majoring in linguistics in this way may include some or all of the MA core of courses in their BA programs and are thus able to do more advanced work in their later MA program.

Graduate Study

The faculty represents a variety of theoretical viewpoints. The various faculty members are especially qualified to direct research on languages of the Pacific and parts of Asia. Fields of special competence include descriptive and comparative linguistics, general linguistic theory, language contact and variation, ethnolinguistics, language development, and language data processing. In addition, the department faculty and cooperating faculty in fields such as Asian languages and literature, English, English as a second language, and European languages and literature supervise work in applied linguistics. Research, upon approval by the student's dissertation committee, may also include studies of language use in education, law, or other institutions of society; social and cultural influences on language acquisition and use; bilingualism, multilingualism, foreign accent, and translation; and the interrelations of language and literacy.

Although the Department of Linguistics is primarily a graduate department and is thus focused mainly on research, it recognizes that many graduates will eventually seek teaching positions and would be more likely to obtain one if they can provide evidence of teaching experience in linguistics or a language-related field.

Accordingly, the department requires each student enrolled in either the MA or PhD program, in addition to the 30 and 33 credits required, respectively, for the completion of those degrees, to have at least 1 credit of LING 699 (Directed Research) or 799 (Apprenticeship in Teaching Linguistics) that involves teaching a linguistics or language-related course (such as a foreign language course) under the supervision of a faculty member either at the University or, by special arrangement, at another institution.

Students may be excused from this requirement if they have already had an equivalent teaching experience before coming into the program. In addition, the chair of the graduate field of study may waive this requirement if it is determined that the student was unable to obtain an appropriate teaching appointment through no fault of his or her own and that no suitable alternative was available.

Students admitted to graduate programs in linguistics normally have a background in at least one foreign language. Some background in mathematics or one of the sciences is also useful. Students without a course equivalent to LING 320 are required to take this course to make up for this deficiency in their preparation for graduate work.

The GRE General Test is required of all applicants.

The MA program provides a basic introduction to the subject matter and skills of the discipline. The PhD program provides full professional training for careers in research and teaching. Employment opportunities for graduates of both programs today often require additional knowledge of one or more related disciplines. For example, there are openings in anthropology and SLS departments for persons trained in linguistics and anthropology. Students are, therefore, encouraged to broaden their training in linguistics by including work in other disciplines. Such programs, and those that include many of the specializations previously listed, will involve the inclusion of faculty members from other fields of study on students' program committees. Students should make known their interests to the chair as early as possible so that appropriate advisers can be chosen to direct students to courses, and any key prerequisite courses, that will help them explore their interests further. It is also possible for students to include concentrations in linguistics in their programs for the MA degree in Asian studies or Pacific Islands studies.

The courses listed below are offered to guide students in their preparation for the various examinations, although individual study must be done in areas not covered by course offerings. Linguistics courses bearing 700-level numbers are seminars, and various sections of these seminars are typically offered in a given semester, depending on the interests of the resident faculty and students. Each semester there are normally a number of seminars dealing with geographical areas, particular language families, the structures of individual languages, and particular theoretical problems. A major portion of the work done beyond the MA level is in seminars and in directed research.

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