Message From the President 2
The University of Hawai'i 5
Calendar 6-7
Undergraduate Education 8-
UHM General Education Core and Graduation Requirements 23-
Graduate Education 28-
Student Life 46-
Tuition, Fees, and Financial Aid 59-
Degrees and Certificates 70-


Architecture 72-
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Arts & Sciences, JOUR-ZOOL 122-
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Engineering 208-
Hawaiian, Asian, and Pacific Studies 217-
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Interdisciplinary Programs 227-
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Nursing 256-
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Social Work
Travel Industry Management 298-
Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources 304-
Instructional Support, Research, and Service Units  478-


Overview 325
A - E 326-
F - N 379-
O - Z 427-


Administration 484-
Endowed Chairs and Distinguished Professorships 486
Faculty 486-
Emeriti Faculty 511-
Instructional Support, Research, and Service Units Staff 518-


Appendix 528-
Glossary 533-
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Last updated 6/28/99



Colleges of Arts and Sciences
Second Language Studies

College of Languages, Linguistics and Literature
Moore 570
1890 East-West Road
Honolulu, HI 96822
Tel: (808) 956-8610
Fax: (808) 956-2802

*R. Bley-Vroman, PhD (Chair)-English syntax, second-language analysis, formal models of language acquisition
*C. Chaudron, PhD (Graduate Chair)-classroom-centered research, discourse analysis, psycholinguistics, research methods, second-language acquisition
*J. D. Brown, PhD-language testing, research methods, curriculum design
*G. Crookes, PhD-classroom teaching, classroom-centered research, materials and syllabus design, discourse analysis, methodology of science
*K. Davis, PhD-qualitative research methods, language policy and planning, literacy, bilingual education
*R. Day, PhD-teacher education, teaching of reading and listening/speaking, vocabulary, global issues and language teaching
*C. Doughty, PhD-second-language acquisition, classroom research, computer-assisted language learning, focus on form, language technology, applied psycholinguistics
*D. Eades, PhD-qualitative sociolinguistics, Aboriginal English and non-standard varieties of English, language and the law
R. Gibson, PhD-second language learning and teaching, classroom research, teacher training, bilingual education, Pacific languages and literacy, program administration
*T. Hudson, PhD-language testing, reading, methods and materials, English for specific purposes, research methods
*R. Jacobs, PhD-English syntax, comparative grammar, discourse analysis, pedagogic grammar, literature and ESL
*G. Kasper, PhD-second-language discourse analysis, pragmatics, learning strategies, qualitative research methods
*M. H. Long, PhD-second-language acquisition, ESL methodology, research methods, English for specific purposes, materials, classroom-centered research
*R. Schmidt, PhD-sociolinguistics, psycholinguistics, second-language acquisition
*K. Wolfe-Quintero, PhD-second-language analysis and acquisition, comparative grammar, pedagogic grammar, writing

Cooperating Graduate Faculty
D. Ashworth, PhD-adult second-language acquisition, language-teaching methodology, computer-assisted language instruction
M. Forman, PhD-sociolinguistics, pidgins and creoles, children's speech
S. Jacobs, PhD-the teaching of writing
A. Peters, PhD-child language acquisition, language socialization
K. Rehg, PhD-second-language phonology
H. Roitblat, PhD-cognition, comparative cognition

*Graduate Faculty

Degrees Offered: BA in liberal studies (English as a second language), MA in English as a second language, PhD in second language acquisition (interdisciplinary)

The Academic Program

Formerly called the Department of English as a Second Language, the faculty and course work in the Department of Second Language Studies (SLS) have evolved toward a wider view of the study of second- and foreign-language learning and teaching in general. The department's programs train students for professional careers in second-/foreign-language education, which includes teaching, teacher training, materials preparation, curriculum/syllabus design, language assessment, and research. Through course work and independent research, students acquire a broad knowledge base and familiarity with the conduct of research, as well as a sense of professionalism in second-language studies. 

Employment opportunities in this field have been expanding rapidly, both nationally and internationally, in all types of educational and occupational institutions (e.g., elementary, secondary, and tertiary levels; publishing; test development for international agencies; language-training programs for businesses).

The department, whose MA program dates back to 1961, is frequently referred to as the best such program in the world. It includes a wide range of general and specialized courses. It has the largest faculty with specialization in second-language studies of any institution in the world. Its faculty members are well respected nationally and internationally through their involvement in scholarly research and publishing projects, including editorship of books or editorial advisory status on major journals, as well as extensive authorship of journal articles and books. The department enjoys advanced technical support facilities and excellent library resources. It attracts top-quality students and maintains a variety of services and activities that stimulate a high level of student satisfaction and collaboration, including post-graduation employment advice and assistance.


The department is affiliated with (institutional member of) the American Association for Applied Linguistics and the Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages. SLS faculty members (J.D. Brown, C. Chaudron, and G. Kasper) have served on the executive boards of these organizations.

Undergraduate Study

Bachelor's Degree

The equivalent of an undergraduate major in ESL is available in the BA program in liberal studies. For information regarding this degree, contact the SLS chair or the department's liberal studies adviser.

Graduate Study

The department offers the MA degree in English as a second language. The University offers the PhD degree in second language acquisition, an interdisciplinary program administered by the SLS department. See the "Second Language Acquisition" section within the Colleges of Arts and Sciences, for a description of the PhD program.

Master's Degree

The main goal of the MA program is to serve the needs of prospective and practicing teachers, administrators, and researchers in the area of teaching English to speakers of other languages. Attention is given to the areas of second- and foreign-language acquisition, applied psycholinguistics, second-language use, second-language classroom research, bilingual education, curriculum development, and teacher education.

The program emphasizes theory as well as practice. In addition to the courses dealing with approaches to language teaching, materials, and testing, core courses are concerned with the linguistic, psychological, and sociological aspects of language. These latter courses, which are primarily theoretical, are designed to provide an essential foundation on which the more practically oriented ones can build. The emphasis on theory in certain core courses should be kept in mind by potential applicants.

The MA in ESL does not result in a teaching credential. Contact the College of Education for more information regarding State of Hawai'i teacher certification.

Entry into the MA program is possible in the fall semester only. The GRE General Test is required of all Americans and other applicants from English-speaking countries. Scores should be sent to the department. Students whose native language is not English are required to have a minimum TOEFL score of 600, 620 preferred.

Two to three letters of recommendation are also required; forms are available from the department.

Applicants must submit a statement of purpose, outlining their objectives in graduate study and reasons for applying. This maximum five-page essay should focus on their experiences and training in languages, language learning, and/or language teaching, and how these relate to their long-term goals as professionals in the field of second-language learning and teaching.

Students admitted conditionally are placed on academic probation for their first semester. Students admitted as regular students whose cumulative GPA fails to meet the minimum requirements after completing at least 12 credit hours or two semesters of course work will be placed on academic probation in the following semester for the duration of the semester.

All students in the MA program, whether Plan A, Plan B, or Plan C, are expected to have undergone second- or foreign-language learning (two years of college study or equivalent). Students who have not had such experience before entering the program are required to take at least a semester of language study, which does not count toward the 39-credit-hour MA requirement.

Plan A (Thesis) Requirements

  • Eight core courses (24 credits): SLS 441, 490, 600, 640, 650, 660, 690, 710
  • One graduate seminar: SLS 730, 750, 760, or 775
  • Two electives (6 credits) approved by the adviser
  • SLS 700 Thesis (6 credits)

Plan B (Non-thesis) Requirements

  • Eight core courses (24 credits): SLS 441, 490, 600, 640, 650, 660, 690, 710
  • One graduate seminar: SLS 730, 750, 760, or 775
  • Four electives (12 credits) approved by the adviser
  • Submission of an acceptable scholarly paper

Plan C Requirements

Plan C is a special program individually planned for each student. It is intended for established language scholars who wish to pursue additional studies and receive academic credit. Typically, Plan C scholars already have an MA or PhD degree in a foreign language, applied linguistics, or a closely related field.

Plan C students are exempt from the specific core requirements of the other plans. Plan C students take a qualifying examination (written) and a final examination (written and oral). A Plan C scholarly paper is required. In addition, Plan C students must meet the Graduate Division residence requirements of two semesters of full-time work or a period of enrollment that is equivalent in credits.

Admissibility to Plan C is determined by the department's admissions committee or within the first semester after arrival. At that time a committee is established to recommend courses and supervise the student's course plan. Scholars accepted for Plan C generally have the following qualifications:

1. No less than five years of full-time experience working in the field of second- or foreign language education;

2. At least two years of administrative, teacher-training, or materials-development responsibility; and

3. An outstanding academic record and a high performance on the GRE.

Additional information concerning the program and its requirements is contained in the SLS program brochure. The topics covered include financial aid, transfer of credit, and requirements such as the scholarly paper. Prospective applicants are urged to obtain this brochure from the graduate chair. Applications for graduate assistantships and tuition waivers are also available.

Doctoral Degree

See the "Second Language Acquisition" section within the Colleges of Arts and Sciences, for information regarding the interdisciplinary PhD in second language acquisition.

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