Message From the President 2
The University of Hawai'i 5
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Undergraduate Education 8-
UHM General Education Core and Graduation Requirements 23-
Graduate Education 28-
Student Life 46-
Tuition, Fees, and Financial Aid 59-
Degrees and Certificates 70-


Architecture 72-
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ROTC Programs 293-
Social Work
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Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources 304-
Instructional Support, Research, and Service Units  478-


Overview 325
A - E 326-
F - N 379-
O - Z 427-


Administration 484-
Endowed Chairs and Distinguished Professorships 486
Faculty 486-
Emeriti Faculty 511-
Instructional Support, Research, and Service Units Staff 518-


Appendix 528-
Glossary 533-
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Last updated 6/28/99



College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources
General Agriculture

Gilmore 210
3050 Maile Way
Honolulu, HI 96822
Tel: (808) 956-6733
Fax: (808) 956-3706

Degrees Offered: BS in general agriculture

The Academic Program

The general agriculture major, with its two areas of emphasis (agricultural management and natural resource management), is designed for students interested in an interdisciplinary education in the agricultural and environmental sciences. Students enrolled in agricultural management take classes in the basic areas of agricultural production and agri-environmental and agribusiness management. Students in natural resource management study the management of land, water, and biotic natural resources for sustainability and environmental quality. Both emphases provide sufficient electives to permit students the flexibility to tailor the program to their interests. Graduates from the general agriculture major are prepared for an array of occupations in agribusiness, environmental management, and state and federal agencies or for entry to graduate school.


All general agriculture majors are required to report for advising prior to registration every semester. General agriculture advising and additional information may be obtained from Gilmore 210, (808) 956-6733.

Undergraduate Study

Bachelor's Degree

Two emphases are offered, agriculture management and natural resource management.


  • General Education Core requirements including the following:
    • AREC 210 and 220
    • BOT 101/101L
    • CHEM 151/151L, CHEM152/152L (CHEM 152 cross-listed as ENBI 152)
    • PHYS 100/100L
  • College requirements including the following:
    • AREC 310
    • SP 151
    • HORT 492W or AGRS 492W
  • Additional requirements for the agricultural management option:
    • ANSC 201
    • BUS 312 and 315
    • FAMR 350
    • HORT 200 and 364
    • ICS 101/101L
    • SOIL 304
    • SOIL 461 
    • 12 upper division agricultural management focus credit hours as approved by the adviser
  • Additional requirements for the natural resource management option:
    • AGRN 480
    • HORT or AGRN 200
    • GEOG 101/101L, 305, and 405
    • SOIL 304 and 461
    • ZOOL 200/200L
    • 12 upper division natural resource management focus credit hours as approved by the adviser
  • For both options, elective courses to equal 128 credit hours


St. John 102
3190 Maile Way
Honolulu, HI 96822
Tel: (808) 956-8351
Fax: (808) 956-3894

R. E. Paull, PhD (Chair)-post-harvest physiology
*H. C. Bittenbender, PhD-tropical fruit physiology and management
*J. L. Brewbaker, PhD-plant breeding, biochemical genetics
*C. G. Cavaletto, MS-sensory evaluation, food processing
*C. L. Chia, PhD-tropical fruits
*R. A. Criley, PhD-floriculture, ornamental physiology, growth regulation
*J. DeFrank, PhD-weed science
*J. M. Halloran, PhD-marketing and agribusiness management
*D. L. Hensley, PhD-landscape design and management
*K. D. Fleming, PhD-agribusiness management
*K. D. Kobayashi, PhD-fruit physiology and computer modeling
*B. A. Kratky, PhD-vegetable physiology and management
*A. R. Kuehnle, PhD-ornamental breeding and genetics
*J. T. Kunisaki, MS-tissue culture
K. W. Leonhardt, PhD-floriculture
*R. M. Manshardt, PhD-tropical fruit breeding and genetics
*R. K. Nishimoto, PhD-weed science
R. E. Paull, PhD (Chair)-post-harvest physiology
*Y. Sagawa, PhD-developmental morphology, cytogenetics, tissue culture
*K. Y. Takeda, PhD-solanaceous crops
*H. R. Valenzuela, PhD-vegetable physiology and management

Cooperating Graduate Faculty
S. C. Furutani, PhD-horticultural crop physiology
M. K. Kawate, PhD-pesticide registration/weed science
M. A. Nagao, PhD-developmental physiology, growth regulation
W. S. Sakai, PhD-ultrastructure, physiological plant anatomy
T. T. Sekioka, PhD-vegetable breeding and genetics
M. J. Tanabe, PhD-in vitro propagation, turf management, plant propagation

Affiliate Graduate Faculty
H. T. Chan Jr., PhD-food processing, plant biochemistry
M. M. M. Fitch, PhD-tissue culture, genetic engineering
J. J. McHugh, PhD-vegetable management, integrated pest management
F. C. Meinzer, PhD-plant physiology, water relations
K. Moody, PhD-weed science, crop management
C. N. Nagai, PhD-sugar cane genetics and tissue culture
R. V. Osgood, PhD-weed science, crop management
D. Ragone, PhD-ethnobotany, conservation
F. Zee, PhD-plant breeding, genetics

*Graduate Faculty

Degrees Offered: BS in tropical horticulture, MS in horticulture, PhD in horticulture

The Academic Program

Horticulture (HORT) is the science, technology, and art of growing and using fruits, nuts, vegetables, flowers, and ornamental plants and their products. Students majoring in horticulture can prepare for careers in plant production, management, services, marketing, extension, research, and teaching. The horticulture program at UH Manoa is unique in its offerings in tropical horticulture. Students will have an opportunity to learn about tropical crop production, and plant management.


All tropical horticulture majors are required to report for advising prior to registration each semester.

Undergraduate Study

Bachelor's Degree

The department offers an undergraduate degree in tropical horticulture with options in science, production, and business.


BS science option

  • BOT 470/470L
  • ENBI 402/402L
  • BIOL 375/375L
  • HORT 200, 364, and 492
  • HORT 401 or 402
  • Organic chemistry
  • PHYS 151/151L
  • SOIL 304
  • 9 credit hours plus four courses from a list available from advisers
  • Additional credit hours to total 128

BS production option

  • ENTO 263
  • HORT 200, 364, 420, and 492
  • HORT 369, 401, or 403
  • HORT 369, 402, or 404
  • PPTH 405
  • SOIL 304
  • 24 credit hours from a list available from advisers
  • Additional credit hours to total 128

BS business option

  • ACC 201
  • ACC 202 or AREC 341
  • ENTO 263
  • HORT 200, 364, and 492
  • HORT 369, 401, or 403
  • HORT 369, 402, or 404 
  • 1 HORT elective
  • HRM 351
  • BUS 315 or AREC 340 
  • BUS 312 or AREC 322 
  • PPTH 405
  • SOIL 304
  • Three courses from a list available from advisers
  • Additional credit hours to total 128

Graduate Study

The department offers graduate study leading to the MS (Plan A and Plan B) and PhD degrees. Candidates may specialize in genetics and breeding of tropical fruits, vegetables, or ornamentals; physiology, culture, and management of tropical fruits, vegetables, or ornamentals; morphogenesis; stress physiology; post-harvest physiology; growth regulation; plant biochemical genetics; plant cytogenetics; weed science; computer modeling; or turf and landscape management.

Intended candidates for the MS or PhD in horticulture must have completed a minimum of 24 undergraduate credit hours in plant sciences (including botany, horticulture, plant pathology, and soil science) and related fields. Basic courses in chemistry and botany are required. The GRE is required for all PhD applicants and is highly recommended for MS applicants.

Related fields in which credit will normally be allowed toward the degrees in horticulture include agronomy, biochemistry, biophysics, botany, entomology, food science, genetics, microbiology, plant pathology, soil science, and zoology.

The MS and PhD in tropical horticulture are recognized Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education (WICHE) regional graduate programs. Residents of Alaska, Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming are eligible, upon admission, to enroll at Hawai'i-resident tuition rates.

Master's Degree

Graduates of the Plan A program can further their graduate studies leading to the PhD degree or enter careers as technicians and researchers, while graduates of the Plan B program typically enter careers in education, agribusiness, extension service, and other agriculturally related occupations.


All MS candidates are required to pass a written general examination during their first semester in residence. A final oral examination is also required. Plan A students must complete a minimum of 24 credit hours of course work and 6 credit hours of thesis preparation. For Plan B students must complete a minimum of 30 credit hours, including a minimum of 18 credit hours must be earned in courses numbered 600 to 798 of which a minimum of 12 credit hours must be in horticulture. A maximum of 6 credit hours (Plan B) or 2 credit hours (Plan A) in HORT 699 may be taken. All students must take 2 credit hours of HORT 667 or 1 credit hour of HORT 667 and 1 credit hour of HORT 654.

Doctoral Degree

Graduates of the PhD program have entered careers as researchers and/or educators in institutions of higher learning and in public and private institutions.


All PhD candidates are required to pass a written qualifying examination during their first year in residence. Also required are a comprehensive oral examination and 2 credit hours of HORT 667 or 1 credit hour of HORT 667 and 1 credit hour of HORT 654. Other course requirements are established by the student's graduate committee.

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