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Degree, Minors and Certificates Offered

General Information

Undergraduate Programs

Requirements for Undergraduate Degrees from the Colleges of Arts and Sciences


Languages and Literatures of Europe and the Americas

College of Languages, Linguistics & Literature
Moore 483
1890 East-West Road
Honolulu, HI 96822
Tel: (808) 956-8520
Fax: (808) 956-9536


*Graduate Faculty

*P. M. Chandler, PhD (Chair)—second language acquisition, applied Spanish linguistics, Portuguese language
*L. V. Aranda, PhD—U.S. Latino literature, translation
*C. D. Beaule, PhD—Latin American (Andean) anthropology, household archaeology
*L. Bousquet, PhD—20th and 21st century French literature and culture, French Oceania, history of the novel
J. M. Debrah, MA—French language instruction
I. Fitzgerald, MA—Spanish language instruction
K. A. Galante, MA—Spanish language instruction
*M-C. Garneau, PhD—19th- and 20th-century French literature, oral genres, Italian
*C. R. Gerhardt, PhD—20th-century German literature, culture, and film
*M. González-Lloret, PhD—second language acquisition, technology and language instruction, Spanish linguistics, pragmatics
L. N. Hamasaki, MA—classical language instruction
*D. Harris-McCoy, PhD—Greek and Latin literature, intellectual history, magic and divination
K. Hammerich, MA—German language instruction
A. B. Hawajska-Waters, MA—German language instruction
*K. A. Hoffmann, PhD—17th-century French literature, critical theory, theatre, interdisciplinary studies
J. M. Huss, MA—French language instruction
*A. Kostetskaya, PhD—Russian fin-de-siècle literature and culture, conceptual integration and blending theories, Russian and German war film
L. E. Kou, MA—Spanish language instruction
*R. J. Littman, PhD—Greek literature, ancient history, ancient medicine, Biblical studies, Egyptian archaeology
*J. L. Logan, PhD—Spanish American literature and cultural studies, women’s studies
R. H. Mamiya Hernandez, MA—Spanish and Portuguese language instruction
R. H. Nylen, MA—Spanish language instruction
*M. E. Overstreet, PhD—pragmatics, discourse analysis, sociolinguistics, psycho-sociolinguistic perspectives on categorization
*B. J. Quintana, PhD—Spanish classical theater, colonial and post-colonial studies, Mexican culture
S. C. Reemelin, MA—Spanish and Portuguese language instruction
*H. Roman, PhD—18th-century French literature
*N. R. Schweizer, PhD—18th-century German classicism, Germans in Hawai‘i, Europeans in the Pacific
*N. Ségeral, PhD—French and Francophone women's studies, translation theory and practice, 20th- and 21st-century trauma narratives
*E. M. Thau, PhD—contemporary Spanish literature, film, cultural studies
J. C. Tomé, MA—Spanish language instruction

Degrees and Certificate Offered: Certificate in Classics, Certificate in French, Certificate in German, Certificate in Russian, Certificate in Spanish, Certificate in Latin American and Iberian Studies; BA in Classics, BA in French, BA in German, BA in Russian, and BA in Spanish; MA in French, MA in Spanish

The Academic Program

The Department of Languages and Literatures of Europe and the Americas (LLEA) is divided into five divisions: Classics (ancient Greek, Latin, and Sanskrit), French/Italian, German, Russian, and Spanish/Portuguese/Latin American and Iberian Studies. Language instruction at the beginning and intermediate levels is offered in French, German, Greek, Italian, Latin, Portuguese, Russian, and Spanish. Advanced courses in composition, conversation and linguistics are offered in French, German, Russian and Spanish. Courses in the literatures of France, the Francophone world, German-speaking countries, Italy, Latin America, Russia, Spain, and Wales are offered in the original language, as are courses in the literatures of ancient Greece and Rome. Cultural studies courses that use a strong interdisciplinary approach and critical interpretive perspectives to consider the politics of representation, culture, and identity include Hispanic Cultural Studies, U.S. Latino Culture and Literature, Indigenous Peoples of Latin America, Latin American Cultural Perspectives, Spanish Cultural Perspectives, Freaks and Monsters, the Ethics of Otherness, French Civilizations, French Culture for Americans, French and Italian Literature as Film. Courses designed to acquaint students from other fields with the traditions and cultures of Europe and the Americas are also available, both in English and in the target language and in advanced courses in specialized topics: Europeans in the Pacific, French and German Civilization, and Russian Arts and Culture.

LLEA believes that the study of film allows for an array of interdisciplinary considerations ranging from the aesthetics and politics of representation to the socioeconomics of production and distribution. It enriches students’ literacy concerning visual arts, narrative, sound, movement and space, at the same time that it provokes their questioning of ethical, critical, social, and moral assumptions. LLEA offers a wide range of courses focusing on the aesthetic and historical development of film in Europe and Latin America: History of World Film, International Film Criticism, Francophone, German, Italian, Latin American, Russian, and Spanish Film.

The department promotes language proficiency and cultural awareness through its sponsorship of student organizations, films, lectures, scholarships, and Study Abroad programs. Currently, the department supports programs in France (Angers, Annecy, Paris); Florence, Italy; Berlin, Germany; Vladivostok, Russia; and several sites in the Spanish-speaking World.

Undergraduate Study

Bachelor’s Degree

A minimum GPA of 2.5 in courses counted toward the major is required of all students earning their major in this department. At least half the credits required for the major must be taken at UH Manoa.

BA in Classics

  • 30 credit hours of course work
    • 3 credit hours from LLEA 122, 123, 124, 151; GRK 101,
      102; LATN 101, 102; SNSK 181, 182
    • 6 credit hours from either Option A LLEA 327 and 328, or Option B LATN 201 and 202, or Option C GRK 201 and 202, or Option D SNSK 281 and 282
    • 18 credit hours from the following list of elective courses
       Of these 18 credits, 15 must be at the 300-level or above
       12 of the 18 credits can be substituted with GRK, LATN, or SNSK courses at the 300-level or above
      ANTH 381, ART 373, HIST 331, 332, 333, 334,
      335, 362, 431, 434, LLEA 301, 302, 305, 306, 323,
      324, 325, 326, 329, PHIL 211, 212, 414B, 414C,
      REL 200, 201, IP 300/HIST 301, IP/REL 373, IP/
      REL 374
    • 3 credit hours of LLEA 499

For information on a Bachelor Degree Program Sheet, go to

BA in French

  • 33 credit hours of FR courses above the 200-level
    • FR 312, 331 or 332
    • Two 400-level courses, including one in literature†
    • French and French-Related Electives (21 credits) include FR 300+, FR400+.

When 405, 458, and 459 (or 6 credits of 460) are all taken, together they count as one 400-level literature course while continuing to count as 9 credits of elective credit toward the major. 6 elective credits at the 300+ or 400+ level may be earned in a related area by advisor approval: LLEA335, HIST 445, etc. On completing the major, students will be able to demonstrate a speaking and reading knowledge of classic French authors in the original, their individual writing styles both in prose and in poetry, and their place in the context of French culture. Students will develop competence in writing. They will also have the opportunity to read works of Francophone literature and to familiarize themselves with Francophone and French-speaking cultures around the world, from Africa and Canada to Tahiti and the Pacific Rim.

†Six credits of FR 458-459 or 460 and FR 405 may be counted as one literature course. FR 499 may be counted as literature with advisor approval if course content is appropriate.

For information on a Bachelor Degree Program Sheet, go to

BA in German

  • 30 credit hours of GER courses above the 200 level
  • 6 credit hours from LLEA 320, 340, 342, or 416 may be taken

For information on a Bachelor Degree Program Sheet, go to

BA in Russian

For a language emphasis:

  • 24 credit hours of RUS courses above 202
  • 9 credit hours from LLEA (or other approved department) Russian-related courses

For information on a Bachelor Degree Program Sheet, go to

BA in Spanish

  • 33 credit hours of SPAN courses above the 200 level
    • SPAN 301† or 310
    • SPAN 303†
    • 351†† or 352B or 352C
    • SPAN 361 or 362 or 371 or 372
    • Seven electives from all SPAN 300-400 level courses; two must be 400-level†

†Language skill courses (SPAN 301 to 303) are normally limited to nonnative speakers of Spanish. Native and near-native speakers should consult a department advisor to determine what courses they may take.
††Recommended courses for prospective teachers: SPAN 330, 400, 403, 451, and 452
††Recommended courses for prospective graduate students: SPAN 330, 351, 352, 451, 452, and two 400-level literature courses

Approved study abroad in a Spanish-speaking country is recommended for all students completing the major and the certificate.

For information on a Bachelor Degree Program Sheet, go to


A minimum GPA of 2.5 in courses counted toward the certificate is required of all students earning their certificate in this department. At least half the credits required for the certificate must be taken at UH Manoa.

Certificate in Classics, French, German, Russian, or Spanish

Upon recommendation of the appropriate division chair of the Department of Languages and Literatures of Europe and the Americas, UH Manoa confers Certificates in Classics, French, German, Russian, and Spanish. Students must complete 15 credit hours of courses numbered 300 and above. For the Certificate in Classics, students may complete 12 credit hours of Greek or Latin courses numbered 300 and above, plus GRK 101-102 for those emphasizing Latin and LATN 101-102 for those emphasizing Greek. For the Certificate in German, one course may be taken from LLEA 320, 340, or 342.

Certificate in Latin American and Iberian Studies

The Certificate in Latin American and Iberian Studies provides a systematic program of study in English for students interested in the arts, traditions, values, histories, religions, socioeconomic systems, and mythologies of Latin America and the Iberian Peninsula. It combines studies on literature, history, anthropology, film, and cultural studies for a richer and more comprehensive understanding of the peoples and heritage of Latin America and Iberia. Its interdisciplinary nature treats issues of colonization, imperialism, race, ethnicity, class, neoliberal practices, aesthetics, popular culture, and globalization as they have been played out within the Spanish, Portuguese, and Latin American context.

The requirements for the Certificate in Latin American and Iberian Studies are:

  • sophomore standing or consent
  • 15 credit hours
  • LAIS 360 (Alpha) Studies in Culture: (B) Latin America, or (C) Iberian Peninsula (should be taken the first semester in the program; it may be taken concurrently with one of the electives)
  • at least one from LAIS 360B, 362, 363, 366, 368/ANTH 368, 372, 468/HIST 478, 478/ANTH 478, HIST 479
  • at least one from LAIS 360C, 361, 365, 380, 495, HIST 350, 448

Graduate Study

Master’s Degree

LLEA has designed MA programs that combine the study of language and literature with other forms of expressive culture in their permutations in the specific geographic regions of Europe, the U.S., Latin America, the Pacific Basin, and Africa. Graduate students are offered the following opportunities: an MA degree in French or Spanish; graduate teaching assistantships on a competitive basis; preparation for a PhD program and a career in teaching. Former students have found careers in government and foreign service; editing, publishing, and translation; law, business, and international banking; fashion, the arts, and travel industry.

Admission Requirements

In addition to meeting the requirements of Graduate Education, applicants must have the following:

  1. A major or its equivalent in French or Spanish with a minimum GPA of 3.0 (B); applicants in French should also have taken a course in French phonetics;
  2. For Spanish, the competence equivalent to two years of study at the college level in a second foreign language; applicants in French who plan to go on to a doctoral program are strongly encouraged to develop reading competence in an additional language;
  3. For French and Spanish, an acceptable accent and fluency.

Applicants with minor deficiencies may be accepted provisionally, but course work taken to make up deficiencies may not be counted toward satisfaction of the degree requirements. Applicants accepted provisionally are expected to complete any deficiencies by the end of the first year of study.

Additional Requirements

All students are required to satisfy the remaining specific requirements and to pass the comprehensive examinations in their area of concentration.

Students who select Plan A (thesis) in their area of concentration must present a thesis proposal, including justification of the topic and a bibliography, for approval by the thesis director and two members of the thesis committee before the end of the second semester of work. The completed thesis must be presented to the thesis committee at least four weeks before the Graduate Division deadline. Graduate Division requires all theses to be written in English.

French Requirements

Candidates in French may select Plan A (thesis) or Plan B (non-thesis). Candidates in both plans are required to take 30 credit hours. A minimum of 18 credits must be earned in courses numbered 600 and above, including 15 credits in French and at least one graduate seminar. All candidates must take either FR 409 or FR 661. Up to 6 credit hours of LLEA 600-level courses may also be included, in which candidates in French are expected, whenever possible, to read French language texts in the original. Candidates selecting Plan A (thesis) must complete 6 credit hours of LLEA 700 (Thesis Research). All candidates must pass a final comprehensive examination, covering the major periods and genres of French literature and including the history of the language.

Spanish Requirements

Candidates in Spanish may select Plan A (thesis) or Plan B (non-thesis). Candidates in both plans are required to take 30 credit hours. A minimum of 18 of these credits must be numbered 600 and above, including at least one graduate seminar. Candidates selecting Plan A (thesis) must complete 6 credit hours of LLEA 700 (Thesis Research). Spanish graduate assistants are also required to take a course in language teaching methodology approved by the Spanish graduate faculty (e.g., SPAN 658 [Seminar in Spanish Applied Linguistics] or LLL 455 [Second Language Learning and Teaching Methodology]). Plan A students must also pass a final Area Exam (either Peninsular or Latin American literature) in the area not covered by the thesis. Plan B students may opt to do (a) a Scholarly Paper and pass an Area Exam, or (b) pass a final comprehensive exam in literature (Peninsular and Latin America) and in one additional focus area (language, film studies, U.S. Latino Studies, or cultural studies). The comprehensive exam is based on the minimum reading list and is tailored to fit the background and course work of the individual candidates.

Advanced Graduate Certificate in SLS/Spanish Applied Linguistics

This track allows graduate students to specialize in Spanish applied linguistics. The program is flexibly tailored to the academic and professional goals of the individual student and includes courses in English and Spanish in several departments. Up to 9 credits that are counted toward the AGC SLS/Spanish may be counted toward another degree. For more information see


  • Two graduate courses in Spanish linguistics or applied linguistics topics
  • Two graduate courses in SLS (second language analysis, second language use, second language learning, second language education, research methods)
  • One graduate course relevant to the Scholarly Paper.
  • At least one course should be a 700-level seminar.

Exit requirement: Scholarly Paper, typically a publishable research paper. The Scholarly Paper will be based on a study in Spanish applied linguistics. In accordance with the requirements of Graduate Division, the Scholarly Paper will be written in English. It will be assessed by a graduate faculty member in Spanish and a graduate faculty member in SLS.

LLEA Courses

FR Courses

GER Courses

GRK Courses

ITAL Courses

LAIS Courses

LATN Courses

PORT Courses

RUS Courses

SPAN Courses