LING 102 Introduction to the Study of Language (3) Non-formal introduction to language, emphasizing the everyday use of language, its relevance to contemporary issues in society, and local language issues. Content studied through lecture, readings, and writing; emphasis on writing as a grading criterion. DS
LING 103 Language and Symbolic Reasoning (3) Introduction to language as a formal symbolic system and to the techniques of analysis and reasoning that reveal its workings. A-F only.
LING 105 Language Endangerment, Globalization, and Indigenous Peoples (3) Focus on language endangerment and globalization. Students are introduced to case studies on language endangerment from around the world and throughout history. Offered through the distance-learning Unit Mastery program. A-F only. FGB
LING 120 Language as a Window to the Mind (3) Introduction to language-related phenomena, which gives insight into the organization of the human mind. Combines lecture, discussion and group projects.
LING 150 (Alpha) Language in Hawai'i and the Pacific (3) Introduction to the study of language and language-related issues, with a focus on Hawai'i and the Pacific; (B) unit mastery; (C) lecture discussion. A-F only. DS
LING 201 Language Documentation for Non-Linguists (2) Provides training in the fundamentals of language documentation and conservation for non-linguists. Repeatable two times. CR/NC only. Pre: proficiency in a lesser studied language and consent.
LING 320 General Linguistics (3) Introduction to the formal analysis of language, focusing on phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, historical linguistics, language acquisition, and related topics. DS
LING 331 Computer Applications (3) Background; uses for machine translation, dictionary programs, speech synthesis, grammar modeling, etc. Pre: 320 (or concurrent) or consent.
LING 344 Languages of the World (3) Survey of major language families; typological classification and language universals; writing systems, "contact" languages. Variety of grammatical structures illustrated by selected languages. Pre: 320 or consent. DS
LING 346 The Philippine Language Family (3) Introduction; phonological and grammatical systems; historical developments; emphasis on Filipino, Cebuano, and Ilokano. Pre: grade of B or better in 102 or 320 and experience with a Philippine language, or consent. DH
LING 347 Pidgin and Creole Languages (3) Nature, history, structure, and geographic distribution of pidgins and creoles. Pre: 102 or consent. (Alt. years) (Cross-listed as IS 347)
LING 410 Articulatory Phonetics (3) Intensive training in recognition, reproduction, and recording of human speech sounds; preparation for fieldwork with unrecorded languages and for clinical work in speech pathology. DH
LING 412 Psycholinguistics (3) The mental processes involved in producing, understanding, and acquiring language. Students will conduct a small psycholinguistic experiment. Open to nonmajors. Pre: one of 102, 320, or PSY 100; or consent. DS
LING 414 Introduction to Linguistic Anthropology (3) Introduction to the ethnographic study of speech and language. Pre: ANTH 152. (Once a year) (Cross-listed as ANTH 414 and IS 414) DS
LING 415 Language and Gender (3) The role of language in the construction of gender and in the maintenance of the gender order. Field projects explore hypotheses about the interaction of language and gender. No previous knowledge of linguistics required. A-F only. (Cross-listed as ANTH 413) DS
LING 416 Language as a Public Concern (3) How does language serve as a proxy for larger social questions? Focuses on four main themes: language revitalization, discrimination on the basis of accent, gender miscommunication and the English Only Movement. A-F only. Pre: 102 or 320 or consent. DS
LING 420 Morphology (3) Theory of word structure; analysis of a variety of morphological types. Pre: 320 (or concurrent) or consent. DH
LING 421 Introduction to Phonological Analysis (3) Phonological analysis and theory. Pre: 410. DH
LING 422 Introduction to Grammatical Analysis (3) Syntactic analysis and grammatical theory. Pre: 320 or consent. DH
LING 423 Cognitive Linguistics (3) Conceptual systems and language from a cognitive science perspective. Linguistic evidence on conceptual structure, reasoning, categorization, and understanding. Open to nonmajors. Pre: 102, 320, ICS 111, or PSY 100; or consent.
LING 430 Animal Communication (3) Investigates animal communication from the perspective of modern linguistics. Dispels common misconceptions about "talking animals" and shows how the cognitive, biological, and environmental needs and opportunities of animals determine what and how they communicate. A-F only. Pre: 102 or consent. DS
LING 431 Computational Modeling (3) Hands-on introduction to modeling language. Focuses on connectionism, relations between language perception, and motor control. Requires no programming experience. Open to nonmajors. Pre: 102, 320, ICS 111, or PSY 100; or consent.
LING 441 Meaning (3) Theories of how literal and figurative language encode meaning and processes of meaning encoding and decoding. Open to nonmajors. Pre: 102, 320, ICS 111, or PSY 100; or consent.
LING 445 Polynesian Language Family (3) Introduction to the language family of Hawaiian, Samoan, Tahitian, Tongan, etc.; models of migration and settlement and linguistic evidence; subgrouping and reconstruction of Proto-Polynesian; linguistic characteristics of present-day languages; language endangerment and conservation in Polynesia. Pre: 320 with a grade of B or better, or consent. DS
LING 451 Induction of Linguistic Structure (3) Phonological and grammatical structures of a previously uncodified language are determined by linguistic analysis of data obtained from speakers of the language. Pre: 102 or 320, or consent. DH
LING 470 Children's Speech (3) Individual strategies, baby talk, language socialization, language variation including multilingualism. Relation of cognitive to language development. Pre: 320. DS
LING 499 Directed Research (V) Repeatable up to 3 credits. CR/NC only. Pre: consent.
LING 500 Master's Plan B/C Studies (1) Enrollment for degree completion. Pre: master's Plan B or C candidate and consent.
LING 611 Acoustic and Auditory Phonetics (3) Principles of acoustics and audition as they relate to speech sounds, use of computer-based analysis tools to investigate acoustic properties of speech. Pre: 421 or consent.
LING 615 The Nature of Language (3) Language as a communication system, current theories of grammar, meaning, sociolinguistics, linguistic change and comparison.
LING 617 Language Acquisition and Language Revitalization (3) Provides training relevant to the study and revitalization of heritage languages and endangered languages. Pre: 320 or equivalent.
LING 621 Phonology (3) Phonological theory and problems of analysis. Pre: 421 or consent. (Fall only)
LING 622 Grammar (3) Grammatical theory and problems of analysis. Pre: 422 or consent.
LING 623 Semantics and Pragmatics (3) Ways in which the interpretation of sentences in natural language depends upon the literal meaning of propositions and their logical (semantic) and conversational (pragmatic) inferences. Pre: 422 or consent.
LING 630 Field Methods (3) Work with native speakers of lesser-known languages to develop techniques for data collection and analysis. Repeatable unlimited times. Pre: 421 and 422 and one of 621 or 622; or consent.
LING 631 Language Data Processing (3) Preparation of language data for computer processing; use ready-made programs; write simple language processing programs using SNOBOL4. Applications to student's research. Pre: 421 and 422, or consent.
LING 632 Laboratory and Quantitative Research Methods (3) Laboratory and quantitative methods for research on language. Introduction to hardware, software, research designs, and basic analysis techniques commonly used in quantitative language research. Combines lecture, laboratory work ,and discussion. Pre: graduate standing.
LING 635 Linguistics of Sign Languages (3) Universals and uniqueness in the phonological, morphological, and syntactic structures of sign languages, taught inductively with emphasis on hands-on analysis. Opportunities exist for skills development in American or Ho Chi Minh City sign languages. Graduate students only. Pre: 320 or consent.
LING 636 Hawai'i Sign Language Linguistics: Documentation, Conservation, and Revitalization of HSL (3) Descriptive information on the phonological, morphological, and syntactic structures and lexicon of Hawai'i Sign Language (HSL); language skills development in HSL; and guided research related to the documentation, conservation, and revitalization of HSL. Graduate students only. Pre: 320 or consent.
LING 640 (Alpha) Topics in Linguistics (3) History of the discipline, schools of linguistic thought, current issues, etc. Repeatable unlimited times. (E) English linguistics; (F) phonology and phonetics; (G) general; (H) history of the discipline; (S) sociolinguistics; (X) syntax; (Y) psycholinguistics. Pre: consent.
LING 645 The Comparative Method (3) Introduction to historical-comparative linguistics; attention to both Indo-European and languages with few or no written records. Pre: 421 and 422, or consent.
LING 646 The Comparative Method (3) Continuation of 645. Pre: 645.
LING 670 Developmental Linguistics (3) Survey of the literature in language acquisition; emphasis on relation to linguistic theory. Pre: 421 and 422, or consent.
LING 680 Introduction to Language Documentation (3) Covers history, method, and theory behind language documentation, and the role of language endangerment in the field. Discussion on skills required to undertake documentation; topics may vary depending on the emphases of the instructor. Pre: 320 or consent.
LING 699 Directed Research (V) CR/NC only. Repeatable unlimited times. Maximum six credit hours. Pre: graduate standing and consent.
LING 700 Thesis Research (V) Repeatable up to 12 credit hours.
LING 710 Techniques of Language Documentation (3) Students learn to conduct best-practice digital language documentation projects, from equipment purchase to data collection to data annotation to archiving and presentation. Pre: 680 or consent.
LING 720 Language Typology (3) Language typology deals with how and why the elements of language interact and function. Students acquire a broad overview of this grammatical make-up of languages in general and understanding of Functional-Typological linguistics. Graduate students only. Pre: 320 and 422 or consent. (Alt. years)
LING 730 Advanced Laboratory Research (3) Advanced laboratory methods for research in linguistics. Specialized and/or advanced uses of hardware, software, research designs, and analysis techniques. Specific topic varies: check with department. Combines lecture, laboratory work and discussion. Repeatable four times. Pre: 632 or consent.
LING 750 (Alpha) Seminar (3) Reporting and discussion of current research in linguistics. (E) ethnolinguistics; (F) phonology and phonetics; (G) general; (M) semantics; (Q) language acquisition; (R) written language; (S) sociolinguistics; (X) syntax; (Y) psycholinguistics. Repeatable unlimited times. Pre: consent.
LING 770 Areal Linguistics (3) Structures of languages of various areas of the world; diffusion. Repeatable unlimited times. Pre: consent.
LING 799 Apprenticeship in Teaching Linguistics (V) Experience-based introduction to college-level teaching; doctoral students serve as student teachers to professors; responsibilities include supervised teaching and participation in planning and evaluation. Repeatable one time. Pre: admission to doctoral program and consent.
LING 800 Dissertation Research (V) Repeatable unlimited times.
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