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Undergraduate Programs

Requirements for Undergraduate Degrees from the Colleges of Arts and Sciences

Professional Programs


East Asian Languages and Literatures

College of Languages, Linguistics and Literature
Moore 382
1890 East-West Road
Honolulu, HI 96822
Tel: (808) 956-8940
Fax: (808) 956-9515
Web: www.hawaii.edu/eall/


*Graduate Faculty

*R. N. Huey, PhD (Chair)—classical Japanese literature (especially waka)
S. Chang, MA—Korean language teaching
*S-Y. Cheon, PhD—Korean phonology and phonetics, second language phonology, content-based instruction (CBI), and media-based instruction
*H. M. Cook, PhD—Japanese linguistics, sociolinguistics, discourse analysis and pragmatics; language socialization
S. A. Curry, PhD—Japanese language teaching
*S. Fukuda, PhD—syntax, lexical semantics and their interface phenomena in Japanese, experimental approaches to syntax and lexical semantics, syntax of understudied Asian languages (Vietnamese and Burmese), first language acquisition of syntax-lexical semantics interface phenomena in Japanese and Korean
S. H. Hirate, MA—Japanese language teaching
C. I. Hitosugi, PhD—Japanese language teaching
*H-I. Hsieh, PhD—Chinese language, linguistics, and culture; mathematical linguistics; semantics; cognitive grammar
*K. K. Ito, PhD—modern Japanese literature, particularly fiction of the Meiji period (1908-1912); cultural studies, narratology, and reception studies
T. Iwai, PhD—Japanese language teaching
*S. Iwasaki, PhD—Japanese linguistics, Ryukyuan linguistics, Thai linguistics, language documentation, functional linguistics, discourse analysis
*L. Jiang, PhD—syntax, semantics, syntax-semantics interface, language universals and variation, comparative linguistics, Chinese linguistics (Chinese dialects, minority languages and sign languages), language acquisition
*S. Jiang, PhD—Chinese language and linguistics, cognitive linguistics, Chinese historical syntax, Chinese dialects, language acquisition and pedagogy, technology-assisted language learning
*K. Kanno, PhD—Japanese linguistics, syntax, second language acquisition, parsing
*M. S. Kim, PhD—discourse-functional linguistics, conversation analysis, vocabulary acquisition, Korean language pedagogy
*Y-H. Kim, PhD—modern Korean women writers; modern Korean literature; Korean culture; East Asian women writers and society
*K. Kondo-Brown, EdD—Japanese language pedagogy, second language assessment, heritage language development
*D-K. Kong, PhD—Korean language and linguistics, language acquisition, pedagogy, assessment
M. Lachmann, MA—Japanese language teaching
J-Y. Lu-Chen, PhD—Chinese language teaching, translation and interpretation
K. A. Masunaga, MA—Japanese language teaching
*D. R. McCraw, PhD—classical Chinese literature, especially poetry, particularly Tang shi, Song shi and ci, and Qing ci
N. T. McPherson, MA—Japanese language teaching
E. Murayama, PhD—Japanese language teaching
G. E. Nakahara, PhD—Japanese language teaching
M. Ogasawara, MA—Japanese language teaching
D. T. Ogawa, MA—Japanese language teaching
*M. J. Park, PhD—Korean language and linguistics, pedagogy, pragmatics
*Y. Peng, PhD—20th century Chinese literature and visual culture, Chinese film, critical theory
G. E. Ray, MA—Japanese language teaching
*K. A. Reynolds, PhD—Japanese socio-historical linguistics, and sociolinguistics (gender and class)
*S. Shibayama, PhD—Classical Japanese literature, especially poetry and prose from the twelfth-century; commentary culture of medieval Japan; comparative study of the European Middle Ages and medieval Japan
*H-M. Sohn, PhD—Korean language and linguistics, Korean-Japanese comparative syntax, general linguistics
*Y. Tateyama, PhD—pragmatics, Japanese language pedagogy, discourse analysis, translation and interpretation
*A. H. Thornhill, PhD—medieval Japanese literature and religion
H. Uchida, MA—Japanese language teaching
*A. V. Vovin, PhD—Japanese, Korean and Tungusic historical and descriptive linguistics; Central Asian linguistics; the Ainu language
Y. Wada, MA—Japanese language teaching
*H. Wang, PhD—Chinese syntax, semantics, and phonology; Chinese language pedagogy; teaching Chinese for professionals
P. C-K. Woo, MA—Japanese language teaching
*D. R. Yoshimi, PhD—Japanese second language acquisition and pedagogy; discourse analysis, pragmatics and sociolinguistics
*M-B. Yue, PhD—20th century Chinese literary and cultural studies, visual culture and media studies, transnational Chinese writings, constructions of Chineseness and diasporic consciousness in Asian-American, exile, and immigrant writings, theories of ideology and representation, feminism, psychoanalysis, film criticism, [Inter-Asia] cultural studies
S. M. Zeng, PhD—Chinese language teaching, translation and interpretation

Cooperating Graduate Faculty

G. Kasper, PhD—second-language discourse analysis, conversation analysis, pragmatics, qualitative research methods

Degrees and Certificates Offered: Certificate in Chinese, Certificate in Japanese, Certificate in Korean, Certificate in Korean for Professionals, Minor in Chinese, Minor in Japanese, Minor in Korean, BA in Chinese, BA in Japanese, BA in Korean, BA in Korean for Professionals, MA in East Asian Languages and Literatures, PhD in East Asian Languages and Literatures

The Academic Program

The Department of East Asian Languages and Literatures (EALL) is the largest department of its kind in the country and offers a curriculum unparalleled in its breadth, depth, and variety of courses in Chinese, Japanese, and Korean language, linguistics, and literature.

At the undergraduate level, language skill courses help students develop a high level of proficiency in both the spoken and written aspects of the languages. There are separate BA and Certificate programs to prepare American students to function in Korean in given professional fields. Other courses provide both introductory survey coverage and advanced, theme-specific investigations of the literary cultures of East Asia and the linguistic analysis of Chinese, Japanese, and Korean. Cultural awareness as well as language proficiency are further promoted through extra-curricular activities such as student clubs, video/film showings, lectures, and study abroad programs. Our students have the opportunity to participate in study abroad programs in Hainan, China; Kobe and Machida, Japan; and Seoul, Korea. The graduate programs are designed to provide students with advanced professional training in two tracks: 1) language/linguistics, and 2) literary studies.

While most students enroll in language courses to fulfill the general education core requirement for foreign languages, there are many who plan to use Chinese, Japanese, or Korean in research or graduate studies. Those who plan to enter the work force immediately upon completing their undergraduate studies find that their language proficiency opens doors to employment in the local travel industry and other internationally oriented businesses.

Undergraduate Study

BA in Chinese


Students must complete a minimum of 34 credit hours, including the following upper division courses:
  • CHN 301, 302 or 303, 401, 402 or 404, and 461
  • 6 credit hours from the following, at least one course must be taken from each of the following group:
    (a) CHN 451, 452, 455, 456, 457, 470
    (b) EALL 361, 362, 363B, 363C
  • 9 credit hours of approved courses in Chinese language and literature

For information on a Bachelor Degree Program Sheet, go to www.manoa.hawaii.edu/ovcaa/programsheets/.

BA in Japanese


Students must complete a minimum of 36 credit hours, including:

  • JPN 350, 370, 401 or 403, 402 or 404, and 407E
  • JPN 407B, 407C, or 407D
  • EALL 271 and 272
  • 12 credit hours in approved courses

For information on a Bachelor Degree Program Sheet, go to www.manoa.hawaii.edu/ovcaa/programsheets/.

BA in Korean


Students must complete a minimum of 36 credit hours, including:

  • KOR 301, 302, 401, 402, 451, 452, and 470
  • EALL 281 or 282
  • 12 credit hours in approved courses

For information on a Bachelor Degree Program Sheet, go to www.manoa.hawaii.edu/ovcaa/programsheets/.

BA in Korean for Professionals Track


Students must complete a minimum of 36 credit hours, including:

  • KOR 401, 402, 403, and 404 [KOR 307, 308 may replace exempted KOR 401, 402]
  • KOR 421, 422, 425 (6 credits), 470, 480, 485, and
  • 1-year overseas program year at Korea University

For information on a Bachelor Degree Program Sheet, go to www.manoa.hawaii.edu/ovcaa/programsheets/.


Students planning to declare a minor should have completed successfully four semesters of language skill courses or their equivalent and must have a GPA of 2.0 or higher. A minimum of 15-17 credits from five courses in one of the three languages (Chinese, Japanese, Korean) will be required. At least 9 credits will be from non-language skills courses with a focus on linguistics or literature. In the case of native speakers, they will be required to take five non-language skill courses. All courses selected must have the approval of advisors in both the student's major department and the EALL Department. Only courses with a C (not C-) or above will be counted. All courses must be taken within the UH system, with minimum of at least three courses taken at UH Manoa. A detailed description of program requirements is available at the department office in Moore Hall 382.


Certificates in Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and Korean for Professionals are offered to eligible students. A minimum of 15 credit hours from 301 or above in the language of choice must be earned with a minimum GPA of 2.5. A detailed description of the program requirements is available from the department office in Moore 382.

Graduate Study

Complete details on the graduate programs are available from the department office in Moore Hall 382 and on the department's webpage. All of our graduate degree programs are academic in nature, and focus on the disciplines of linguistic and literary study.

MA graduates of the programs have obtained positions as instructors in private schools, two- and four-year colleges and universities; as translators; and in various capacities in private firms and government service. PhD graduates have obtained teaching positions at universities in the U.S. mainland, Canada, and in several Asian countries.

The MA and PhD are recognized Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education (WICHE) regional graduate programs. Residents of Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming are eligible, upon admission with a GPA of 3.50 or higher, to enroll at Hawai'i-resident tuition rates. See the “Tuition, Fees, and Financial Aid” section of this Catalog for more information on WICHE programs.

The MA degree is offered in the fields of Chinese language, Chinese literature, Japanese language, Japanese literature, Korean language, Korean literature, and Korean for Professionals. The PhD degree is offered with concentrations in the same fields, but not in Korean for Professionals. All applicants for the MA program must have a BA in the language of their concentration or equivalent preparation and must submit three letters of recommendation and GRE General Test scores. All applicants for the PhD program must have a BA, must have earned with distinction an MA in the language or literature of their concentration, must submit three letters of recommendation, GRE General Test scores, and a sample of their scholarly writing in English. Normally, each newly-admitted MA student is required to undergo a diagnostic evaluation and each PhD student is required to undergo an assessment, differing according to subfield, as well as fulfill any language requirement, in order to be eligible for advancement to candidacy. Students emphasizing Japanese Language/Linguistics and Korean Language/Linguistics must also fulfill a publishable paper requirement in order to be eligible for advancement to candidacy.

The MA candidate may select either the Plan A (thesis) or Plan B (non-thesis) program; Plan A must have the approval of the graduate chair. The MA in Korean for Professionals is a Plan B program only.

Master’s Degree


For Plan A, students must complete a minimum of 30 credit hours, including at least 18 credit hours in the major field and 6 credit hours of thesis research. A minimum of 12 credit hours in the major field must be earned in courses numbered 600 or higher, including a 700-level seminar and excluding 699V.

For Plan B, students must complete a minimum of 30 credit hours, including at least 21 credit hours in the major field. A minimum of 18 credit hours in the major field must be earned in courses numbered 600 or higher, including a 700-level seminar and excluding 699V.

Doctoral Degree


In order to be advanced to candidacy, PhD students are expected to master four fields, at least one of which will be outside the students' areas of specialization and must pass a comprehensive examination covering the four fields. PhD students in Japanese and Korean Language/Linguistics must master three fields and a comprehensive examination covering these three fields and produce a scholarly paper. After being advanced to candidacy, all PhD candidates must complete an original dissertation, and pass a final oral examination in defense of the dissertation. Apart from having a command of English and their language of concentration, candidates must have knowledge of a second East Asian language equivalent to two years of study; in some cases a third East Asian language or an additional European language may be required.

EALL Courses