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Degree, Minors and Certificates Offered

General Information

Advising

Undergraduate Programs

Requirements for Undergraduate Degrees from the Colleges of Arts and Sciences

Professional Programs

Departments

Biology

College of Natural Sciences
Edmondson 216
2538 McCarthy Mall
Honolulu, HI 96822
Tel: (808) 956-8303
Fax: (808) 956-4745
Email: biology@hawaii.edu; mbiology@hawaii.edu
Advising Email: bioadvis@hawaii.edu
Web: manoa.hawaii.edu/biology/

Faculty

*S. Robinow, PhD (Chair)—neurogenetics
*J. H. Bailey-Brock, PhD—invertebrate zoology, reef ecology, Polychaetes
*C. Birkeland, PhD—coral reef biology, fisheries
M. Butler, PhD—evolution ecology, adaptive radiation, functional morphology, biomechanics
*D. Carlon, PhD—evolution population biology, invertebrate biology
*K. Cole, PhD—ichthyology, behavioral ecology, reproductive biology, morphology and morphogenesis, space biology
*S. Conant, PhD—ornithology, ecology, behavior, conservation biology
*H. G. de Couet, PhD—molecular genetics and cytoskeleton
*L. A. Freed, PhD—evolutionary and behavioral ecology, ornithology, conservation biology
*M. G. Hadfield, PhD—reproduction and development of invertebrates
*F. A. Reed, PhD—population genetics
*A. D. Taylor, PhD—population, theoretical, and insect ecology
R. Thomson, PhD—evolutionary biology and phylogenetics
*T. Tricas, PhD—marine animal behavior
*L. Watling, PhD—impacts of humans on benthic environments; crustacean biology
*C. Z. Womersley, PhD—environmental physiology, biochemical adaptation, parasitolog

Cooperating Graduate Faculty

W. W. L. Au, PhD—marine bioacoustics and echolocation
B. Bowen, PhD—molecular genetics of marine vertebrates
R. Cowie, PhD—evolutionary biology, biogeography, ecological genetics, snails, termites
D. Duffy, PhD—conservation biology, sea birds
R. Gates, PhD—molecular biology, developmental genetics, cell biology, physiology and ecology of corals
E. G. Grau, PhD—comparative endocrinology, environmental physiology
D. K. Hartline, PhD—quantitative neurophysiology and simulation of simple networks
K. N. Holland, PhD—physiology, behavior, ecology of aquatic organisms
T. D. Humphreys, PhD—cellular, molecular, biochemical, develop-mental biology in marine organisms
C. L. Hunter, PhD—conservation biology, coral reef ecology, biology and ecology of marine invertebrates
P. J. Jokiel, PhD—coral reef biology, biogeography and ecology
K. Y. Kaneshiro, PhD—systematics, evolution, insect behavior
S. A. Karl, PhD—molecular ecology, systematics, and phylogeography of marine animals
P. Lenz, PhD—neuroecology of zooplankton sensory systems
P. E. Nachtigall, PhD—behavior and sensory processes of marine mammals
R. Richmond, PhD—invertebrate zoology, conservation biology
F. I. Thomas, PhD—marine ecology, biology of larvae
R. Toonen, PhD—molecular genetics of marine organisms

Affiliate Graduate Faculty

R. Allison, PhD—systematics, biogeography and ecology

Degrees Offered: Undergraduate Certificate in Mathematical Biology, BA (including minor) in biology, BS in biology, BS in marine biology, minor in zoology, MS in zoology, PhD in zoology

The Academic Program

The Department of Biology (BIOL) provides an academic home to students who wish to pursue a broad training in the biological sciences. It offers a BA degree, a BS degree with five specializations: cell and molecular biology, ecology/evolution/conservation biology, marine/aquatic biology, organismic biology and general biology, a BS degree in marine biology, a minor in biology, a minor in zoology, an MS in zoology, and a PhD in zoology.

Biology is of fundamental importance in a science or liberal arts education, as it provides students with a keener insight into and a deeper appreciation of the many facets of living systems. Most students plan to use their training as preparation for professional work, such as aquaculture, biotechnology, biological research, dentistry, marine biology, medicine, optometry, park services, pharmacy, and teaching. Our graduates have an outstanding record of acceptance in advanced degree programs at dental, medical, pharmacy, and graduate schools. Many of our graduates also become teachers after obtaining a post-baccalaureate teaching certificate at the College of Education.

The biology curricula are designed to provide students with a strong background in the principles of biology and with rigorous upper division instruction in a number of basic areas. This combination of breadth and in-depth instruction allows students to develop the intellectual foundations and the skills necessary to deal with the specific biological concerns of today and the flexibility to meet the needs of the various professions. From this base, our graduates can pursue future specialization with confidence.

Advising

Student advising is mandatory. Prospective majors should come to Edmondson 216 for advising immediately, to design a curriculum that satisfies program requirements.

Undergraduate Study

BA Degree in Biology

Requirements (C [not C-] grade minimum)

  • BIOL 171, 172, 265, 275, and 375 plus laboratories
  • 20 credit hours in approved courses, including one each from botany, microbiology, physiology, and zoology, and one or more laboratory courses at the 300 level or above

Related Requirements (C [not C-] grade minimum)

  • CHEM 161, 162, 272 plus laboratories and 273
  • PHYS 151 and 152 or 170 and 272 plus laboratories
  • MATH 215 or 241 or 251A

For information on a Bachelor Degree Program Sheet, go to www.manoa.hawaii.edu/ovcaa/programsheets/. For more information on the major, go to www.advising.hawaii.edu/artsci/pages/resources/lib_art_degrees/majorskills/majorskills_biology.asp#BIOL_SCHED.

BS Degree in Biology

Requirements (C [not C-] grade minimum)

  • BIOL 171, 172, 265, 275, and 375 plus laboratories
  • One course each from morphology/systematics and physiology
  • BIOC 441 or BIOL 402
  • 15 credit hours in approved courses in one of the following tracks or concentrations:
    • cell/molecular biology
    • ecology, evolution and conservation biology
    • general biology
    • marine/aquatic biology
    • organismic biology
  • 1 credit of directed research in approved disciplines
  • One or more laboratory courses at the 300 level or above
  • The above courses to include one or more courses at the 300 level or above each from botany, microbiology, and zoology

Related Requirements (C [not C-] grade minimum)

  • CHEM 161, 162, 272 plus laboratories and 273
  • PHYS 151 and 152 or 170 and 272 plus laboratories
  • MATH 215 and 216 or 241 and 242 or 251A and 252A
  • ECON 321 or NREM 310 or MATH 243

For information on a Bachelor Degree Program Sheet, go to www.manoa.hawaii.edu/ovcaa/programsheets/.

BS Degree in Marine Biology

Requirements (major of 2.5 GPA or higher)

  • BIOL 171, 172, 265, 275, and 375 plus laboratories
  • OCN 201
  • BIOL 301 plus laboratory
  • ZOOL 439
  • BOT 480
  • ZOOL 475 plus laboratory
  • BIOL 402 or BIOC 441
  • MICR 401 plus laboratory
  • BIOL 403 or 4 credits of directed research in approved disciplines
  • BIOL 404
  • 2 credits of directed research in approved discipline
  • 6 credit hours in approved courses

Related Requirements (major of 2.5 GPA or higher)

  • CHEM 161, 162, and 272 plus laboratories and 273
  • PHYS 151 and 152 or 170 and 272 plus laboratories
  • MATH 215 and 216 or 241 and 242 or 251A and 252A
  • ECON 321 or NREM 310

For information on a Bachelor Degree Program Sheet, go to www.manoa.hawaii.edu/ovcaa/programsheets/. For more information on the major, go to www.advising.hawaii.edu/artsci/pages/resources/lib_art_degrees/majorskills/majorskills_biology.asp#BIOL_SCHED.

Minor in Biology

Requirements (C [not C-] grade minimum)

Students must complete BIOL 265/265L, 275/275L, and 375/375L; and a minimum of 3 credits from the following:

  • BIOL 301/301L, 331, 363, 390, 395, 401, 402, 407, 408/408L, 425, and 499
  • Approved upper level botany, biochemistry, microbiology, physiology, and zoology courses

Minor in Zoology

Please go to the Department of Zoology for more information on this degree.

Undergraduate Certificate in Mathematical Biology

The purpose of the certificate is to induce students to pursue the interdisciplinary study of biology and mathematics together with research. The course work will be similar to, but less than, that required to receive a minor in mathematics or biology. However, the students will also have to do a substantial amount of research in addition to the course work. The emphasis in the certificate is different, however, in that the majority of the work is interdisciplinary.

Students will be considered accepted into the Mathematical Biology Certificate Program upon formal request for acceptance and completion of either MATH 304 or 305 with a grade of C or better. To receive the certificate, students must complete 15 credits of approved course work with no grade below a C and attain a GPA of 2.5 in the collection of courses used to satisfy the certificate requirements. Due to the interdisciplinary nature of the certificate, 6 credits of required electives will differ depending on a student's major. Courses used towards the certificate can only be double-dipped with focus requirements.

Prerequisites to the Certificate

  • BIOL 171 (lab not required)
  • CHEM 161 or 171 (lab not required)
  • year of calculus (MATH 215/216, MATH 241/242, MATH 251A/252A
  • electives may have additional prerequisites

Requirements for the Certificate (15 credits)

  • required courses (9 credits): MATH 304, 305, MATH/BIOL 490 (capstone)
  • math majors (6 credits): BIOL 172, and 265 or 275 (lab not required)
  • life science majors (6 credits): two courses selected from MATH 243/253A, 301, 302, 303, 307, 311, 371, 373, 402, 403, 407, 414, 416, 471, 472
  • other majors: completion of above required courses, and at least 6 credits of electives approved by the Committ

Participate in an interdisciplinary Mathematical Biology research project is required. These projects must be substantial, requiring at least the effort of a 5 credit 400-level course; examples include a senior honors research project, summer Research Experiences for Undergraduate programs, and the Undergraduate Biology and Mathematics Research Program; students are advised to discuss their projects with an advisor from the Mathematical Biology Certificate Coordinating Committee before commencing. A research paper based on this research project must be submitted to and approved by the Committee. Students are expected to present their research to an approved symposium or conference.

Graduate Study in Zoology

Please see the Department of Zoology for more information.

BIOL Courses